The cause of diabetes varies depending on the type of diabetes. However, in general, there is likely a genetic and or environmental component involved.
In Type 1 diabetes , there is an autoimmune cause for the destruction of pancreatic beta cells. This is likely due to environmental factors in genetically predisposed individuals. In any case, it is still unclear why this happens, but a number of explanations and possible triggers of this autoimmune reaction have been proposed. These include:
Type 2 diabetes is due to both insulin resistance and beta-cell dysfunction. A mixture of genetic and environmental factors may lead to the onset of type 2 diabetes. Such factors include:
Typical signs and symptoms of diabetes include:
Pregnancy does not have to be a challenging time for diabetics, whether type 1, type 2 or gestational. Diabetes can be managed safely and effectively during pregnancy. Blood sugar management during pregnancy will be somewhat different from your usual pre-pregnancy management approach, as now, you have to think about your fetus as well. Your blood sugar levels will have to be tighter controlled, but this can be easily achieved through dietary and lifestyle changes, tighter self-monitoring of blood glucose, and proper medication use (if required, especially for type 1 diabetics). Naturopathic medicine also offers many safe treatments to support you throughout your pregnancy, delivery, and postpartum period.
Based on a U.S. study, a North American child born in 2000 stands a one in three chance of being diagnosed with diabetes in his or her lifetime.